How to Get Rid of Weeds in Grass: A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation “a plant in the wrong place”. Most often weed is the uninvited guest which disturbs the normal growth and development of the crop in the field and plants in the playground, yard, lawn, terrace, etc. We want to get rid of such a type of disturbance. Let’s take a view of this article. We want to provide you a clear concept that would be helpful to you controlling weed and grass.
How to Get Rid of Weeds in Grass
Firstly, we have to know about the types of weed. It will help you to identify them and it will make it easier to remove unwanted guests.
Types of weed
- Broadleaf leaf: These are common weeds. Broadleaf weeds are dicotyledonous plants. The leaf may be compound or simple. Venation reticulate. Examples: Clover, Dandelion, Milkweed, Violets, etc.
- Grassy: It is really hard to identify this type of weeds because these types of weeds are similar to actual grass. Examples: Cab grass, Bermuda grass, Dallisgrass, etc.
- Grass-like weed: These types are also similar to grassy type weed. But the difference between the two that this type of weeds is tube-like. Such as wild onion, wild garlic is included as a common example of it.
How to get rid of weeds in grass
At first, we want to provide a concept about all weed control methods that can be classified into five categories:
Preventive weed control
Preventive weed control generally refers to prevent weeds. There are some other methods that are used to minimize the harmful effects of weeds. But this method is directly involved in prevention. This method can be applied by adopting some measures such as using certified free seeds, only transporting hay that is a weed-free farm. Equipment must be cleaned before moving one location to another, using clean irritation and drainage channel, using freshwater for irrigation, avoiding the shifting of soil from an infested area to a clean area.
The cultural method refers to any traditional technique that involves maintaining field conditions and resist the establishment of weeds. Example of cultural method;
Tillage is a very practical method of fighting with weeds of all classes. It is one of the oldest and most widely practiced methods for controlling weeds.
Many weeds develop and create troublesome in the same crop is grown year after year. Crop rotation interferes with the normal life cycle of many weeds. In general, 3-5 years crop rotation should be practiced which may work for controlling weeds.
A thick stand of quick growing crops successfully competes for weeds for nutrition. The most common smoother crops are soybean, sun hemp, etc. Smother crops weaken the underground roots of weeds.
Mulching is a method of conserving soil moisture. It is the process of covering the soil with some organic inert materials. Application of plant leaves, straw, water hyacinth, polythene, sawdust, etc. So, to provide a covering on the surface soil which can check the evaporation of soil moisture as well as hamper the growth and development of the weeds.
The hand pulling of individual weed is a practically efficient method of eliminating weed growth. Although it is the most laborious work among the works which can be performed physically. But it will be the most effective work by using human hand to pull them out along with their roots from the soil surface.
The infestation of weeds may be decreased or increased by the application of irrigation. Frequently irrigation during the initial stage of crop growth reduces weed growth.
Chemical method of weed control
Chemical control of weed refers to any technique that involves the application of a chemical (herbicides) to weeds or soil to control the germination or growth of the weed species. It involves the use of some herbicides, sprayers, and dusters. Selective herbicides can be applied to kill the target parts or weeds such as 2, 4-D, EPTC, Butachlor, MCPA, Alachlor, etc. Non-selective herbicides can be applied to kill all the plants of all the species.
The mechanical method of weed control
Mechanical weed control refers to any technique that involves the use of farm equipment to control the weed. The most common mechanical methods of controlling weeds are;
Hand hoeing is an old popular method of controlling weeds. Shallow rooted weeds are easily eliminated by this method.
The only objective of mowing is to remove the top growth of weed grown in lawn and playground.
Harrowing is successful to remove small weeds and their destruction before crops are planted or after crops are harvested.
Weeds are removed by digging up to deep layer so as remove underground storage organs. It is very useful to remove perennial weed such as Durba.
Earthing up consists of lifting or shifting the soil from the central portion of the space between rows towards the base of the plants to cover the base of the plant or certain plant organs grown from below or at the soil surface. It may be done in both wet and dry conditions.
Biological method of weed control
Biological control of weeds refers to any technique that involves the use of natural enemies of weed plants to control the germination of weed seeds or the spread of established plants. This is a rapidly expanding area of weed control with many examples like sheep to control tansy ragwort or leafy spurge, cinnabar moth, and tansy flea beetle to control tansy ragwort, the chrysolite beetle to control St. John’s wort, and the use of goats to brush on rangeland.
Weed control is one of the vital jobs for growing desirable plants of our garden and maintenance the beauty of our lawn. Weed decreases the growth and development, increase the production cost, and interfere with harvest. To get more information and proper advantage of chemical compounds and weed removing advice you should consult your local regional agency or office who provides a better solution depending on your particular problem.